Peer Reviewed Publications Tutorial

Peer review, also called refereeing, is a process of evaluating academic work that historians believe has been around for over 300 years. It is thought to have begun with the founding of the journal Philosophical Transactions in 1665 by members of the Royal Society of London, England.

The Royal Society still exists today and so does the process of peer review. While the peer review process was originally a rather casual one where the editor of a journal would ask friends or colleagues for their opinion about an article, it is now a more formal process designed, at its best, to insure that published academic work is of high quality and interest to readers of the journal in which it is published.