By Victor Knell
Written in 1994 for the
Knell Book "Pioneers and Their Children"
This is written as a tribute to my parents, their way of life, and
as a remembrance of how things used to be. Victor Knell
According to an old proverb, "History is a fable agreed upon."
In this collection of shared reminiscences I am recording a small
part of the history of Traugott and Hertha Knell, the family and
life on the farm and in the community.
Traugott was born on September 22, 1915 north of Zap, North Dakota
on the farm which Jacob and Pauline Knell, his parents had homesteader
in the 1900's. Traugott had two older sisters, Clara, born in 1910,
and Katherine, born in 1912, and one brother, Arnold, born in 1914.
In 1916 his parents had a chance to purchase the Gottlieb Schuh
farm north of Krem. The 160 homestead had become too small to support
their growing family; Walter, born in 1917, Herbert, born in 1919,
Lorentina, born in 1922 and Alvin, born in 1924.
Herbert died in 1939 of cancer of the kidneys. He had been ill
since December 1936. In January 1937 he entered the Bismarck hospital,
where he was operated on to have a growth removed. He seemed to
be on the road to recovery, but in August 1938 he again underwent
treatment at Bismarck. Several times Herbert had to stay in the
hospital for more treatment. Shortly after New Year 1939 his parents
were told that there was no more hope, Herbert had cancer of the
kidneys. He was only 19 years old at his death.
Hertha Augustana Adolf was born on August 12, 1917 in the Expansion,
North Dakota, Mercer County area, north of what is Hazen today.
She was born on what is the Roger Rasch farm today. Her parents,
Reinhold and Pauline Adolf started to farm here soon after their
marriage in 1916. She was the oldest of six children; Ida, born
in 1919, Erwin, born in 1921, Frieda, born in 1923, Clarence, born
in 1925 and Violet, born in 1931.
Hertha, being the oldest meant that she soon had to help work the
farm fields. She was only able to attend school until she was in
the sixth grade. Hertha did enjoy working outside in the fields
with the horses.
In 1936 the Reinhold and Pauline Adolf family moved north about
two miles to the homestead of grandparents, Friedrick and Christina
Adolf, who sold their farm and equipment and moved to Newberg, Oregon
to live. The Adolf family, after arriving in America from Russia
in 1889 had stopped in North Dakota for only about six months, when
they moved on to Newberg, Oregon.
Grandfather Friedrick came back to North Dakota in 1892, married
Christina Schimke, a widow with five children, and began to farm
in Mercer County.
Times were hard during the 1930's with the depression and the hot
dry weather. Some of the young men went to Montana to work in the
beet fields. Traugott wrote a letter to Hertha on October 12, 1939
from Fairview, Montana. He was working for a Jake Buxbaum. In this
letter he asked her to send him a picture that he knew she had which
has many of their friends on it. He also wrote that he missed her
and hoped she was fine and that he would be gone for several more
In 1939 Hertha was working for the National Youth Administration.
Her classification card listed her as a maid and cook. The young
women were told to report for work at the Hazen Log Cabin, this
was the local meeting place in Hazen at the time. There was also
a sewing unit and here they sewed for various projects. They were
asked to report to work with their own scissors, needles, thimbles,
pincushions and tape measure, and some were told to bring sewing
machines. On June 30, 1940 this work unit was terminated.
Traugott and Hertha knew each other almost all their lives. They
were neighbors, attended the same rural school and worshiped at
the same church.
Traugott was confirmed at St. Peter's Lutheran Church on April
13, 1930 by Pastor Christian Goeken. Hertha was confirmed at St.
Peter's on May 24, 1934 by Pastor E. J. Hammer. She also taught
Sunday School here before she was married.
Traugott received his 8th grade diploma on January 25, 1932, from
Krem Number 3, Mercer County District Number 4.
Traugott had an accident with an exploding firecracker early in
his life, this caused some damage to one eye, forcing him to wear
glasses for the rest of his life.
On September 29, 1940 wedding bells rang for Hertha and Traugott,
at St. Peter's Church. The marriage was performed by Pastor Philip
Peter. Married with them were her sister, Ida, and his brother,
Arnold, making it a double wedding.
In July 1990 both couples and their families celebrated their 50th
wedding anniversary in conjunction with a Oster Adolf Knell Family
Reunion at the Hazen City Hall.
On their wedding day both brides wore identical gowns and veils,
purchased from a mail order catalog, costing $30.00 all together.
From her parents the couple received three milk cows and 25 chickens.
These were to be their main source of food for some months.
Traugott and Hertha first lived in a house that was located on
land now owned by Harold Miller. Arnold and Ida Knell lived a very
short distance east on their farm. They then moved to a farm that
is owned by Quintin Ziemann today.
It was here that their oldest son, Victor, born in 1941, got lost
one day. Hertha was feeding baby, Elaine, then known as "girly",
born in 1943, when "Sonny" as he was known at the time
came in wanting something to eat. Since Hertha was busy, Victor
had to wait, but he became impatient and ran outside. When his mother
was ready to feed him, he was no where to be found. They called
the neighbors and they started to search in the corn field, which
was close by, but Victor was not to be found. Finally someone walked
by a depression on the farm where the chickens had made a hole taking
dust baths, and here their son was laying asleep, with the chickens
around him. For some reason, the family dog, who usually was with
Victor, was not with him that day. The two other sons of Hertha
and Traugott are; Marvin, born in 1945 and Gary, born in 1950.
Traugott's first tractor was an International Harvester Farmall
"H". It was on steel wheels, but these were quickly exchanged
for rubber tires. This was used with a three bottom plow, a packer,
and a pony drill, to do the spring plowing and seeding.
Traugott always bought International Harvester farm equipment.
He later owned a W 9 tractor, followed by a 660 and a 806, all Internationals.
Most of the others were traded off as newer larger tractors were
purchased, but the "H" was kept as a utility tractor to
do small jobs such as cultivating the corn hauling rocks and other
The first Knell transportation was a Chevrolet ton and a half truck
that was used. This was used for hauling, but was also the family’s
only means of getting around. It was not till 1948, that the Knell
family got their first car. It was a moron, two door, Chevrolet.
This was used by the family until 1956, when a new Chevrolet was
purchased. The 1948 car became the car used by the children to go
to high school in Hazen and to do other chores.
In 1945 Jacob and Pauline Knell retired from farming, built a home
in Hazen and moved to town. Traugott and Hertha and the family then
made their home on what is still the Knell farm to day, farmed by
son, Gary and his family.
Hertha always made a large garden. This was her pride and joy.
She grew many vegetables, which were than canned and storied in
the root cellar to be used later on the family table.
In the early years there was always a potato patch planted in a
near by field. There were normally five or six long rows of potatoes.
Sometimes when the potato bug infestation became too great, in
the early years, the children and Hertha would take small cans,
fill them half full of kerosene, then go up and down the rows picking
off the bugs, dropping them in the can to kill the pests. In later
years the potato plants were sprayed to control the insects.
When the Traugott Knell family moved to the family farm, Traugott's
youngest brother, Alvin, lived with them until he married and purchased
his own farm in 1954.
The family always had milk cows, Hertha had received three cows
from her parents as a wedding gift, and to these others were added.
In the first years all the milking was done by hand. The family
got up at 5 a.m. and went to the barn to start the milking. When
the milking was completed, the milk was put through the cream separator.
This extracted the cream from the whole milk by a centrifical force
process. The separated cream had about a 350 butter fat.
At first the cream separators were cranked by hand, a back breaking
job, if there was much milk to be processed. Later motors were added
making the chore much easier.
After separating, the cream was put in 5, 8 and 10 gallon cans
to be taken to a creamery. Mandan Creamery had a truck route, which
came to the mail box every week to pick up the full cans of cream.
The following week the empty cans would be returned containing checks
for the cream from the week before. A very nice source of farm income.
Some of the cream was also used to make butter for the family.
The butter churn was a round container with a four open blade construction
inside that was turned with a handle. The cream was poured inside
and then the handle had to be turned until the butter fat had combined
into butter. Sometimes, if everything was right, if the cream was
the correct temperature, the butter fat was high enough and you
had good luck, this did not take too long. Other times it could
be a long ordeal. after the butter had been made, it was removed
from the churn and washed with cold water to remove any remaining
butter milk. It was then salted and stored for later family use.
The butter milk that resulted was used to drink, bake and cook.
The skim milk from the separator was fed to the young calves and
what was extra was fed to the pigs.
At first the milk cows were mostly Milking Shorthorns. Soon the
black and white Holstein started to replace the red and white cows.
Over the years milking machines replaced hand milking and a bulk
milk operation took over from the separator.
The horse stalls in the barn were replaced with cow stalls and
the Knell family became dairy farmers. When the new barn was built
in 1959 soon a milk pipe line was installed to take the milk direct
from the cows to the bulk milk tank. In later years the hard never
ending work of dairying was discontinued and the cattle were sold,
as was the equipment.
During the spring planting time and in the summer harvesting season
most of the milking was done by Hertha and the children. Traugott
needed to put get in the planting as early as possibly and in the
summer many hours were needed to get the harvesting done quickly
before fall and winter weather came and it was impossibly to finish
the fall work.
The first chicken coop on the Knell farm was a log building, with
a sod covered roof. Here the laying hens were placed after they
had raised in the brooder house. Later this chicken house was replaced
when a new garage was built. The old building was then turned into
a hen house. This remained until about 1970, when the chicken coop
at the Albert Miller farm was purchased and it is the current coop
on the Knell farm.
Baby chickens were ordered from a hatchery. They were shipped by
mail. Usually they were received in late March or early April. When
they arrived they would get a call from the Hazen Post Office telling
them that their chicks had arrived. Some times the rural mail man
would deliver them with the daily mail, but normally a trip was
made to town and the chicks were picked up.
After the young chickens were on the farm, they were put in the
brooder house, where they were given their first drink of water
from the upside down water container and chick starter was set out
in the feeders so that they could start to eat. For the next few
weeks they had to be checked every hour or so to see that they were
not too warm or too cold. They grew very quickly and soon they developed
pin feathers and soon their downy bodies were covered with feathers.
As the young roosters grew to a few pounds, they were butchered
as needed for food. The selected cockerels were taken out and then
their heads were cut off with a hatchet. They were allowed to bleed,
then they were put in hot water to loosen the feathers. They were
then plucked and they were made ready for the family table.
Ducks and geese were also raised for meat. Before freezers were
in common use most of them were butchered, canned and storied in
the cellar until the meat was needed.
Breeding pairs of ducks and geese were kept on the farm in the
early years. Later on these too were ordered from a hatchery as
young goslings and ducklings. Two or three ducks and a drake, and
two geese and a gander were kept to produce eggs to be set under
broody hens to hatch the young. In the spring when they started
to lay, the eggs were collected and kept until there were enough
to put under several hens. The hens were put on nests in the upstairs
of the barn. After the ducklings and goslings had hatched they were
put in the brooder house with the chickens. During the day they
were placed in a pen outside on grass so that they could graze.
This pen had to be moved every day because they cropped the grass
very short. When they were large enough, they were given free range
and allowed to swim on the farm pond.
If the ducks and geese laid more eggs then were needed to brood
for the family, Hertha used the large eggs to make noodles. The
dark yellow yokes made nice yellow noodles.
After the eggs were mixed with flour and seasonings the dough was
rolled out with a rolling pin. When the dough was thin it was rolled
up and cut with a sharp knife. These noodles were then placed in
some location to dry. After they had dried and hardened they were
packed in storage containers to be used in noodle soup or in some
other noodle dish.
Hertha made pillows with the feathers that were plucked from the
many geese and ducks that were raised.
When they were butchered, some of the breasts and drumsticks would
be salted in brine and smoked, these were a tasty addition to a
Hogs were raised for family use and extra pigs were sold at the
sales barn providing needed farm income.
In the fall, just before it got too cold, the Traugott, Arnold,
Alvin and Mike Neuman families would each in turn butcher several
hogs and a cow and sausage, hams and bacon would be made and lard
would be rendered to make casings for the pork sausage, many times
the hog intestines were cleaned and scraped and then filled with
the tasty ground pork. The stomach was used , in the early years,
to hold head cheese.
The summer sausage and liver sausage was usually put in larger
casings that were purchased prepared, and in later years plastic
casings were used. Much of the liver sausage was put in jars and
canned. These jars were then opened and cooked for the breakfast
"Gollodetz" or pickled pigs feet was also made after
Hertha's well stocked cellar always contained many jars of cucumbers,
sauer kraut and pickled beets. There were also many other jars of
canned vegetables that came from her large garden. She made soups
and cabbage rolls, which were a nice easy to make a quick meal on
a busy day.
Fruit was canned as well and filled the cellar shelves. June berry,
plumbs and other wild fruit would be gathered along the Missouri
River and were preserved and added to the winter food supply. Strawberry,
raspberry and other fruits were home grown and were made into jams
The first combine harvester used by the Knell family was an 6 foot
Case pull type. This was soon replaced by a 12 foot International
Harvester self propelled combine. Later larger and better machines
were to follow.
Till the 1960's the oats and some of the wheat was always bindered
and shocked and then threshed with a threshing machine. Traugott,
Arnold, Alvin and Mike Newman shared a threshing machine and their
fields were threshed in turn every year by the four families. The
straw stacks that resulted were highly prized. This straw was used
for bedding in the barn and chicken coops and in the winter the
straw stack offered a measure of protection for the livestock that
was not kept in the barn.
Hertha did a lot of sewing in the winter during the early years.
Almost all the children clothing were hand made by her. In later
years she started to make quilts. It became easier to purchase ready
made clothing for the members of the family.
Hertha did embroidering of pillow cases and dish towels. In later
years she used color paints instead of color thread to make her
figures and flowers. Sometimes the children were given the chance
to try their hand at seeing if they could make a traced pattern
come out looking good.
In the early years entertainment was made by going visiting. On
Sunday, after church it was expected that you would have company
for the noon meal, or the family would go visit some other family.
After the meal the grown ups would sit and visit or play some cards
and the children, if the weather permitted, would go outside to
Visiting also took place in the evening after the chores were done.
The family would visit neighbors, relatives or friends, or the reverse
Weddings and funerals were always a great time to meet relatives
one had riot seen for a long time. At weddings and funerals there
was always a meal after the church ceremony, followed by much visiting.
Weddings were an enjoyable event usually followed by a dance in
the barn hay loft or in another large building, to the music of
a local dance band.
Baking day came once a week at the Knell home, usually on Wednesday,
when mother got up early to also do the family laundry. Potatoes
would be peeled the night before and cooked. After cooking the potatoes
they were grated. A quart of "everlasting yeast" was then
mixed with the mixture. This yeast was kept active year after year
by saving a quart of the mixture from each baking. The potato/yeast
mixture was allowed to stand overnight and ferment. In the morning
this starter was added to a large bowl of sifted flour, mixed and
allowed to rise. Several times the expanding dough was kneaded down
and allowed to rise again. After the last kneading the dough was
placed in large bread pans and again allowed to rise. When it had
risen the loaves were put in the coal stove oven to bake. The whole
house became filled with the wonderful smell of baking bread.
Normally on baking day "strudla" were made for the noon
meal. The dough was rolled out with rolling pin and then rolled
up and cut into about 4 inch long pieces. These were then placed
in a large pot over diced seasoned potatoes. Once the pot was on
the stove the lid dare not be removed, or the "strudla"
would not rise and they became very heavy. At noon the "strudla"
were usually eaten with gravy.
Another treat that might be made on baking day was a tasty sugar
kuchen. Bread dough was used to make the crust. This was then filled
with a custard of heavy cream, sugar and cinnamon.
For some meals "knepfla" (dumplings) were made. A dough
was made and pressed thin. This was then cut into about three inch
long "knepfla" and dropped into a pot of boiling salted
water. After the "knepfla" were cooked they were drained.
Some were then fried in a frying pan until they were nice and brown.
The remaining were kept in the pot and croutons and a butter sauce
was poured over them. These were sometimes served with mashed potatoes,
wieners and sauer kraut and hot tea.
Another dish that was made was "fleishknepfla" (meat
dumplings). For these the dough was rolled out and cut into small
squares. These squares were then filled with a hamburger mixture
and the edges sealed with the fingers. The knepfla were then dropped
into the boiling water. after they were done some were again fried,
while the others were again covered with a butter sauce. The water
was then used to make a soup. Hertha liked to make the meat dumplings
when the grandchildren came to visit, because they liked to help
make the dumplings.
"Fleishkuechla" was another family favorite. It was a
meat turnover. Again a dough was made. This was rolled out with
a rolling pin in small portions. The round dough was then filled
with a hamburger mixture and the dough folded over and the edges
sealed by rolling a small saucer around the edge. The turnover was
then put in hot oil or lard to deep fry: Some of the pieces of dough
that were cut from the edge of the turn over were also deep fried.
These narrow twisted pieces of dough were them eaten by putting
jelly on them. The finished "Fleishkuechla" was normally
served with potatoes and maybe a garden salad.
Fried bread or "kuechla" were made by taking dough, pressing
it thin and then deep frying the dough.
"Stirrum" was another flour item that made a much enjoyed
meal. This was a dough of eggs, cream and baking powder. This was
put in a hot frying pan an then stirred until when the mixture was
fried it had broken up into small chunks. This was served with stewed
potatoes, lettuce or a cucumber salad and a meat dish.
Another German dish, "Kraut Bruschke", was much enjoyed
by the family. To make this, chopped ham was mixed with sauerkraut
and cooked. This mixture was then sealed inside rolled out dough
and baked until a golden brown. This made a hard meal, and any left
over were easily reheated.
The Knell farm always had a lot of rocks. In the spring, after
the fields had been seeded, rocks were picked for several weeks.
The smaller rocks were picked with horses and wagon, later with
the tractor and wagon. The larger rocks were picked and placed on
the stone boat, a large flat piece of sheet metal. the large rocks
only needed to be rolled on the boat and then could be moved to
the rock pile.
One time while picking rocks with the horses and wagon, the wagon
ran over Victor's right foot. He was then taken to Rev. Rudolph
Heupel at Hebron, North Dakota, who checked the foot with his sensitive
fingers and said that he had two cracked toes and that his arch
was pushed down. He re set the arch and told Victor to take care
for a few weeks. The foot was never put in a cast and healed with
no later problems.
Traugott liked to work the land. In later years when his son, Gary,
did most of the farming, he enjoyed working the summer fallow and
picking rocks with the rock picker.
For Christmas the Knell family attended Christmas Eve services
at St. Peter's Lutheran Church. This was always the Sunday School
Program, when the children recited their verses, some in German,
and sang the old Christmas carols, both in English and German. One
of the unique features was the Christmas Tree with. real candles.
This was always very closely observed to prevent fires. After the
program all the children received Christmas bags filled with nuts,
candy and fruit.
When the Knells arrived back home Santa Claus had visited and Christmas
gifts were opened. Sometimes relatives would come to visit, but
usually it was a family evening. In later years after St. Peter's
congregation had been disbanded, the family attended services at
Peace Lutheran, but the feeling of a small church parish had changed.
A few days before Easter eggs were hard boiled and colored to make
Easter eggs. A few weeks before a shallow box or container filled
with soil was planted with oats. After the eggs were colored some
were placed in the growing oats, the rest were placed in large bowls.
On Easter morning the Easter baskets for each of the children were
filled with some Easter eggs, some candy and maybe a small toy.
Easter morning were spent attend the Easter service at St. Peter's.
In later years the sunrise services at Peace Lutheran were much
The Knells always had electricity, there was a 32 volt wind charger,
with a bank of glass batteries in the house, these provided power
on days when there was no wind. The wind charger was on a tall tower
so there always seemed to be some wind to power the generator.
Saturday was the day of the week for the weekly bath. A large galvanized
wash tub was set up and a large canner was put on the cook stove
and filled with water. The baths started with the youngest going
first, and then hot water was added as the rest of the family got
Saturday was also the weekly shopping day and for doing any business
that needed to be done in town. Many times they went to town in
the evening, but normally it was in the afternoon. Saturday night
was the night when most of the neighborhood gathered in town to
shop and visit.
The eggs that had been collected all week were put in egg crates
and taken to town to the grocery store where they were exchanged
for the family’s groceries. Some times they paid for the needs
of the family.
Sometimes the weekly visit to town was made in the morning. If
this happened the family would have a rare chance to eat at a restaurant.
This was much looked forward to by the children.
Until the new house was built in the 1960's going to the bathroom
involved going out side to the outhouse, which was some distance
north of the house, near the brooder house. During the summer flies
and the smell did get a little much, but in the winter in the cold
and snow, doing your business could be quite uncomfortable. Many
times stops would be made in the barn, where it was at least warm.
In the early days instead of a roll of toilet paper, a copy of
the Sears catalog was at hand to be used.
The Knell family attended school at Krem Number 3, district 4.
It was located about one and a half miles west of the farm, near
to the Harold Miller farm, where the teacher usually boarded. Classes
lasted 8 months and all eight grades, if there were children in
all the grades, were taught by one teacher. Normally there were
from eight to fifteen children. In the early years when Traugott
and Hertha attend school there, the school had up to 30 students.
In the 1960's all the Mercer County country schools were closed
and the children bused to Hazen, where they attended classes.
When the regular classes ended, there was a two week review school
for the 7th and 8th graders. They had to prepare to take the state
tests to pass their classes and graduate to continue their education
with high school or to start the eight grade.
During recesses many kinds of running games were played; pom pom-pull
a way, was one of those games. There were two safe zones at both
ends of the play ground. one person was "it" and the other
children would run from one safe location to the other. It they
were tagged they would join the person being "it" and
try to catch all the other players. This continued until everyone
had been captured, then the last one caught became "it"
and the game started over. If someone did not want to run from one
safe zone to the other, the person that was "it" could
say "pom pom pull away" and come into the safe zone and
pull them out and capture them. Blind mans bluff, was another game
that was enjoyed. One person was "it" they covered their
eyes and counted to a hundred, while the others ran to hide. The
person that was "it" would try to find and tag all the
other players before they could tag a base and be safe. Again the
last person tagged then was "it" and the game started
Sometimes ball games were played; Softball was sometimes played,
but usually there were not enough players. Andy over was another
ball game that was played. Sides were chosen and the sides went
to both sides of the school house building. A ball was then thrown
over the roof, where the waiting team caught the ball, they would
them come around to the other side and tag as many of the other
team, who then had to join their team. The ream losing all their
members was the loser. During the winter Fox and goose would be
enjoyed. A large circle was made in the soft white snow. This was
then cut into eight parts, with the center where the angles all
met being the safe area. One person was "it" and this
person tried to tag all the players who were not in the safe zone.
this continued till everyone had been tagged.
If the weather was too cold or wet indoor games were played.
In the winter the children would get a ride to school and home
with the horse and sled. Usually the way to school and home was
made on foot, or by catching a ride from the neighbors. In the winter
we were well bundled up to keep warm.
During World War II, war ration books were needed for every member
of the family before some items could be purchased. Sugar, coffee,
cheese, shoes, metal appliances and gasoline all need ration stamps
before the could be sold to the customer If you owned a car, a "A"
ration stamp allowed you to get 3 gallons of gas a week. Being farmers,
the Knell family did not have to worry about ration stamps for meat,
butter or fat. There were also price controls on most items, so
shopping became a big headache.
The winter of 1949 was an exceptional winter with much snow and
blowing winds. Bulldozers were needed to open the roads for mail
service and for the farmers to get to town. Many trips to town were
made with the horses and sled. Mail would pile up at the post office,
because the mailman could not make delivers. Some mail was dropped
near school houses by plane. Hay drops were also made in some locations,
because it was impossibly to get feed to the cattle.
The Knell family attended church at St. Peter's Lutheran Church
located about two miles west of the family farm. Services were in
German until in the 1950's, Rev. Dietrich Bergstad, started to include
some English in his sermons. About 1953 German and English services
were alternated. In 1958, because the congregation had become too
small to continue to support a pastor, the church was disbanded
and the families started to attend services at Peace Lutheran Church
in Hazen. Here also German and English was used until 1961 when
English became the only language used.
For many years Traugott was a deacon at St Peter's Church. This
meant that on Saturday the church building had to be cleaned and
dusted and gotten ready for the Sunday services. He also had to
toll the bell if one of the church members had died. He had to pay
church bills and collect money from the members of the congregation
to keep the church in operation. In the winter he had to make sure
that the church was warm for the service.
Christmas 1991 was celebrated at home with most of the family.
After Christmas, Traugott and Hertha and granddaughter, Bobbi Jo,
went to visit their son, Marvin and his family, in Jamestown because
they had been unable to make it to Hazen for Christmas. They stayed
there for a few days and were on their way home on December 30.
West of Bismarck on Interstate 94, near New Salem, their car hit
a patch of ice , the car went across the center median and their
car was broadside by a car coming in the east bound lane. Hertha
was killed instantly and Traugott died before help could arrive.
Bobbi Jo was thrown from the car and suffered a broken ankle and
some cracked bones in her lower back. she also had numerous bruises
and was hospitalized for some time but has fully recovered.
On Friday, January 3, 1992, at 10:00 a.m. Peace Lutheran Church
was filled with family, relatives, neighbors and friends to say
one last goodbye to Traugott and Hertha Knell. After the funeral
they were laid to rest at the St. Peter's cemetery in a the beautiful
rural setting that they had lived and worked in all their lives
Written in 1994 for the Knell Book "Pioneers And Their Children."
Updated: May 30, 2007